2.6) The area in the foreground between the Viewing Area and the distant Chinati Mountains is apparently known as Mitchell Flat. It is at the edge of the Old Marfa Army Air Field. C.T. Mitchell was one of the estates directed by the Federal Court to hand over the acerage for the construction of the air field. The Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/print/MM/qcm1.html) gives this history of the Air Field. in use from December 5, 1942 to December 31, 1945:
2.5 A study of Topographical maps:
I used MapQuest and the USGS to gather aerial imagery and topographical maps of the area so that I can understand what the above picture is showing and what lies between this viewing area and the distant horizon. This study has been very helpful to me to get my bearings so that I can make sense of all the sightings and what they mean in terms of the many prevailing hypothesis about what the lights are. One thing I want to know is whether the story that McDonald Observatory telescopes were trained on this area to observe the lights. This doesn't make sense because the lights would be below the horizon of viewing for the telescope situated in a standard dome.
From the MapQuest topographical maps which are quite good, I created a large map which revealed a number of important things in the field of view looking south and southwest of the Viewing Area.
This is a combination of two USGS DOQQ images (3.75' scale, 1 meter resolution obtained from the MapMArt web site. North is up. South is down. The spot that you see on the main road is located 8.8 miles from the intersection of Highway 67 and 90 at the center of Marfa. This estimate comes from the MapQuest Topographical map and measuring by hand. I don't know where the Viewing Area is, although in Item 1.2 above, Bill Baker says it is within a few hundred feet of the 'main entrance' to the old airfield. I don't know where that is on the map, so I will assume for now that the location of the Viewing Area is undetermined. I need to get this info somewhere in order to recreate viewing angles.
Marfa Army Air Field began in 1942, when the War Department selected the Marfa area as a site for training United States Army Air Corps pilots. By February 1942 the department had let a contract for a Class A airport, costing $2,281,794, where training in the Cessna AT17 would provide an intermediate step from single-engine to multi-engine planes. McGough Brothers of Houston was the general contractor. Marfa and nearby Alpine each voted $10,000 in bonds to buy the land for the airfield, 2,750 acres, from T. G. Hendrick of Abilene at $6.50 an acre. The towns, in turn, leased the property to the War Department for twentyfive years at one dollar a year. A federal court directed C. T. Mitchell, Mrs. Bertha Holmes, the John A. Lawrence estate, and the Gage estate to deliver 1,809 acres for four auxiliary landing fields. In June 1942 Col. Gerald Hoyle, project officer, arrived and set up his temporary headquarters in the Marfa National Bank building. Hoyle served as base commander until June 1943. The first cadets arrived on December 5, 1942, and entered flight training two days later. Members of this class completed their courses by February 12, 1943, and received their silver wings. A class completed training each month until the final graduation in May 1945. Some graduations were without fanfare, but a majority were thrown open to the public, with aerial demonstrations, tours, refreshments, and a dance. The base at first was designated Marfa Army Air Field, Advanced Flying School, but at the arrival in June of Hoyle's replacement, Col. George F. Hartman, the name was changed to Marfa Army Air Field, Army Air Forces Advanced Flying School. Hartman served four months, and was replaced by Col. Donald Phillips. In October 1943 the scope of support personnel was enlarged, when two Women's Army Corps officers arrived as a vanguard of enlisted WACs. Phillips promoted public relations. For example, in April 1944 he arranged a Pan-American Day celebration, with military and civilian dignitaries from Mexico and the United States attending. In June 1944 Col. A. J. Kerwin Malone assumed command, and the War Department transferred Marfa Army Air Field to the Second Air Force, headquartered in Colorado Springs, Colorado. During Malone's tenure (ten months), 2,500 cadets were graduated. The classes included regular trainees, Chinese nationals, and Air Transport personnel. Ontheline prepilot training and mechanics courses were added, and B25s, AT11s, and AT6s were added to retrain pilot returnees. In April 1945 Col. Henry R. Baxter, the fifth and last commander at Marfa Army Air Field, arrived. He supervised two graduation services. On May 4, 1945, the local newspaper announced that the May graduating class would be the last. In June Marfa Army Air Field became a redeployment center for the Troop Carrier Command, with some 2,400 men to be sent there to train with C-46 and C-47 aircraft. The field was renamed the 818th Air Base Unit. The end of World War IIqv halted these plans. More than 500 veterans from various squadrons arrived at the base for redeployment or discharge. By
December 1945 Colonel Baxter was one of only two pilots at the field.
On the thirty-first, Marfa Army Air Field was closed.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Big Bend Sentinel, February 6, 1942, May 4, 1945. Cecilia Thompson, History of Marfa and Presidio County, 1535-1946 (2 vols., Austin: Nortex, 1985).
Copyright (C) 2001Dr. Sten Odenwald