and Answers from Ask the Astronomer
related to Big Bang Theory
and the Early Universe
about the Expansion of Space
Popular Science Articles (1983 - 2007):
you are interested in learning more about various aspects
of Big Bang theory that have to do with the conditions in
the universe just 'before' and just after the Big Bang.
the Big Bang (Astronomy,
Planck Era (Astronomy,
you want to learn more about how physicists and astronomers
are beginning to view the concept of a vacuum
of the False Vacuum
(Astronomy, November 1983)
Have More Than 3 Dimensions?(
Astronomy, November 1984)
: The Final Frontier
( Sky and Telescope, February 1996)
What if String Theory is Wrong
(Astronomy, February 2007)
you want to learn more about the so-called cosmological constant
introduced originally by Albert Einstein as a 'fudge factor'
to make the universe non- expanding.
Constant : Einstein's Fudge Factor
(Sky and Telescope, April 1991)
are two essays about what it means for the universe to expand,
and how many educators and text book authors continue to get
the description of it wrong
Redshift Explained (Sky
and Telescope, February 1993)
Big Bang was NOT a Fireworks Display!!
(Washington Post newspaper, 'Horizon' Section, May